Putin Defends Actions in Crimea 03/09 13:29
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Sunday defended the separatist drive in
the disputed Crimean Peninsula as in keeping with international law, but
Ukraine's prime minister vowed not to relinquish "a single centimeter" of his
KIEV, Ukraine (AP) -- Russian President Vladimir Putin on Sunday defended
the separatist drive in the disputed Crimean Peninsula as in keeping with
international law, but Ukraine's prime minister vowed not to relinquish "a
single centimeter" of his country's territory.
Over the weekend, the Kremlin beefed up its military presence in Crimea, a
part of Ukraine since 1954, and pro-Russia forces keep pushing for a vote in
favor of reunification with Moscow in a referendum the local parliament has
scheduled for next Sunday.
President Barack Obama has warned that the March 16 vote would violate
international law. But in Moscow, Putin made it clear that he supports the
referendum in phone calls with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and British
Minister David Cameron.
"The steps taken by the legitimate leadership of Crimea are based on the
norms of international law and aim to ensure the legal interests of the
population of the peninsula," said Putin, according to the Kremlin.
Following an extraordinary Sunday meeting of the Ukrainian government, Prime
Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced that he will meet with Obama in Washington
on Wednesday on a "resolution of the situation in Ukraine," the Interfax news
agency reported. The White House confirmed the meeting.
"Our country and our people are facing the biggest challenges in the history
of modern independent Ukraine," the prime minister said earlier in the day.
"Will we be able to deal with these challenges? There should only be one answer
to this question and that is: yes."
In an emotional climate of crisis, Ukraine on Sunday solemnly commemorated
the 200th anniversary of the birth of its greatest poet, Taras Shevchenko, a
son of peasant serfs who is a national hero and is considered the father of
modern Ukrainian literature.
"This is our land," Yatsenyuk told a crowd gathered at the Kiev statue to
Shevchenko. "Our fathers and grandfathers have spilled their blood for this
land. And we won't budge a single centimeter from Ukrainian land. Let Russia
and its president know this."
"We're one country, one family and we're here together with our kobzar
(bard) Taras," said acting President Oleksandr Turchynov.
Later, Ukrainians in the tens of thousands massed in the Kiev's center for a
multi-faith prayer meeting to display unity and honor Shevchenko. One of the
speakers, former imprisoned Russian tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, almost burst
into tears as he implored the crowd to believe not all Russians support their
country's recent actions in Ukraine.
"I want you to know there is a completely different Russia," Khodorkovsky
In the eastern city of Luhansk, however, people who gathered in a square to
celebrate Shevchenko's birthday were attacked by pro-Russia protesters, and
some were beaten up, local media reports said.
Chanting "Russia! Russia!" the demonstrators then broke through a police
barricade and took over the local government building, where they raised the
Russian flag and demanded a citywide referendum on joining Russia, Channel 5
and other local media reported.
But it's Crimea, a strategic peninsula in the Black Sea, that has become the
chief flashpoint in the battle for Ukraine, where three months of protests
sparked by President Victor Yanukovych's decision to ditch a significant treaty
with the 28-nation European Union after strong pressure from Russia led to his
A majority of people in Crimea identify with Russia, and Moscow's Black Sea
Fleet is based in Sevastopol, as is Ukraine's.
In Simferopol, Crimea's capital, a crowd of more than 4,000 people turned
out Sunday to endorse unification with Russia. On Lenin Square, a naval band
played World War II songs as old women sang along, and dozens of tricolor
Russian flags fluttered in the cold wind.
"Russians are our brothers," Crimean Parliament speaker Vladimir
Konstantinov said. He asked the crowd how it would vote in the referendum a
"Russia! Russia!" came the loud answer.
"We are going back home to the motherland," said Konstantinov.
Across town, at a park where a large bust of Shevchenko stands, around 500
people, some wearing yellow-and-blue Ukrainian flags on their shoulders like
capes, came out to oppose unification with Russia.
They chanted "No to the referendum!" and "Ukraine!" People handed out
fliers, one of which listed the economic woes that joining Russia would
"We will not allow a foreign boot that wants to stand on the heads of our
children," said one of the speakers, Alla Petrova. "The people are not scared.
We are not scared to come out here and speak."
Some pro-Russians drove by, shouting "Moscow, Moscow!" from their cars, but
there was no trouble.
Associated Press reporters in Crimea said all Ukrainian television channels
appeared to have been taken off the air by Sunday evening, save for one that
appeared to rebroadcasting programs from Moscow-based Russia-24.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague, who appeared on the BBC Sunday
morning, described Russia's entering Crimea as a "big miscalculation."
He also said the March 16 referendum was happening "ridiculously quickly."
Hague added, "The world will not be able to regard that as free or fair."
During his conversations with Cameron and Merkel, Putin criticized the
Western leaders for what he said was their failure to press the new government
in Kiev to curb ultranationalist and radical forces.
But the Kremlin also said that despite their differences, the three leaders
expressed an interest in reducing tensions and normalizing the situation in
Ukraine as soon as possible.